As we saw yesterday, Jesus was a Jew but during His day the Jews were ruled by the Romans. There were different attitudes among the Jews toward the Roman rule. Sadducees received their power from the Romans and so they tried to conform. Pharisees thought they alone were holy and were blind to the reality that Rome ruled (John 8:33). Zealots were a more radical party and sought to rebel.
In an attempt to get Jesus into trouble He was asked whether or not it was lawful to pay taxes to Rome.
How does Jesus answer and, more importantly, what is the logic behind His answer?
How would we follow His example?